The hottest private aviation approval has been fro

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The approval of private airlines has thawed for six years, and many airlines have not survived the cold winter.

since July 2007, the Civil Aviation Administration of China announced that "the application for the establishment of new airlines will be suspended before 2010", until May this year, the application for the establishment of new airlines has not been accepted for nearly six years

at the same time, the first wave of private capital entering the aviation industry around 2004 and 2005 has also gradually faded in the frozen six years. The emergency stop switch is used in emergency situations when the machine is abnormal

in May this year, Yunnan Ruili airlines and Shandong Qingdao airlines were approved in the preliminary examination of the preparation for the establishment of two new airlines, and the door that had been locked for six years was finally suddenly opened

it is worth noting that these two civil aviation recruits are controlled by private capital

Li Jiaxiang, director of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, said at the China Civil Aviation Development Forum in May this year that "private enterprises will become a new force in the development of China's civil aviation industry", which made the industry discuss one after another. The second round of upsurge of private aviation enterprises is coming

Before 2007, the explosive growth of China's air transport industry led to a series of problems, and the Civil Aviation Administration believed that macro-control should be carried out

before 2007, the development of civil aviation industry can be described as "hot". Singapore Airlines enterprises were established one after another, and funds poured in continuously. In the summer of 2007, the Civil Aviation Administration chose to cool down the industry for three years

according to the data, in July 2007, in order to strengthen the macro-control of the industry and curb the excessive growth of the air transport industry, the Civil Aviation Administration decided to suspend the acceptance of applications for the establishment of new airlines before 2010

according to the documents of the Civil Aviation Administration at that time, "In recent years, China's air transport industry has developed rapidly, maintaining an average annual growth rate of more than 16%. Especially since this year, the total turnover of air transport has increased by 19.6% year-on-year, reaching the highest level in recent years. With the rapid development of the industry, the problems of insufficient professional and technical personnel, airspace resources and airport support capacity have become increasingly prominent. In order to ensure safety, the Civil Aviation Administration has decided to increase the total number of flights, air transport market access and transport capacity Long term and other aspects of macro-control. "

unexpectedly, the financial crisis in 2008 followed. The global aviation industry, including China, has been severely hit by fluctuations in oil prices and sharp declines in demand. The whole industry suddenly fell from the peak to the bottom

according to the annual report of the three major airlines in that year, China Eastern Airlines' profit plunged from 600million yuan in 2007 to a huge loss of 14billion yuan. China Southern Airlines returned to a loss of 4.8 billion yuan from a profit of 1.8 billion yuan last year. Air China, which has more international routes, also made a huge profit of 3.7 billion from the previous year, falling to a huge loss of 9.1 billion (China Eastern Airlines and Air China lost money partly due to fuel hedging)

in 2009, the aviation industry gradually stepped out of the shadow of the global economic crisis. In 2010, the profits of airlines reached a historical peak

in August, 2010, just as the above-mentioned gate set by the Civil Aviation Administration to "temporarily reject the application of SIA enterprises" was about to open, the "August 24" Yichun air crash of henan airlines occurred. Considering the problem of safe operation, the Civil Aviation Administration issued a document to continue to suspend the acceptance of applications for the establishment of new airlines (including the establishment of subsidiaries by airlines). The door was locked for another three years

in May this year, the Civil Aviation Administration approved two new airline companies, Yunnan Ruili airlines and Shandong Qingdao airlines, which means that the gate to apply for new airline companies has been officially opened

Wang Jiangmin, a civil aviation expert, said that after the Yichun air crash, the industry has rectified safety issues and civil aviation management. At present, the foundation of domestic aviation has been laid, and the attention in the industry has been greatly improved. Therefore, it is not difficult to understand that the Civil Aviation Administration at this time to release the approval of the application of Singapore Airlines enterprises

it is worth noting that during the six-year ice age, most of the private-owned airlines established in the first wave of private aviation boom in 2004 and 2005 failed to survive to the end

many airlines have not survived the cold winter

the 2008 financial crisis left many private airlines. Finally, a few airlines that can survive have gradually come out of the recession

private capital was allowed to enter the aviation market for the first time in 2004, before the Civil Aviation Administration frozen the "Application of new airline enterprises". In this year, the Civil Aviation Administration approved the establishment of private airlines such as Aokai airlines, Eagle Airlines, Spring Airlines and East Star Airlines

in the following two years, new members such as Shenzhen Airlines, Northeast Airlines and Jixiang airlines were added to the camp of private airlines

these years are also considered as "the first round of private aviation boom". According to the classification of Civil Aviation University of China Aviation experimental aircraft by use: experimental aircraft for measuring mechanical properties and experimental aircraft for process experiments, Li Xiaojin, director of the Institute of air transport economics, introduced that the rise of the first wave of private aviation was because many companies saw that the civil aviation industry in 2004 "made ten years of money a year". Under impulse, the upsurge is formed

it was reported that at that time, the Civil Aviation Administration encouraged private enterprises to establish new airlines, so the domestic aviation market suddenly expanded from the three major aviation groups to 40 or 50 airlines. By 2007, before the approval freeze, 39 private airlines had applied to the Civil Aviation Administration and 17 had been put into operation

zoujianjun, Professor of China Civil Aviation Management Cadre College, told the media that private capital has entered the civil aviation field on a large scale since 2005. Although after several years of trial and error, the actual operation effect is far from expected, and the difficulties are far more than expected. At the same time, the previously set threshold for the establishment of airlines is too low. Once the industry fluctuates violently, it is easy for weak enterprises to collapse

according to the data, the three airlines received a total of about 20billion yuan of subsidies from the state in 2008, which was the most difficult year. Although they failed to make up for the huge loss gap, they could barely support it

private enterprises do not have such treatment. The newly established companies were forced to leave one after another after encountering the 2008 financial crisis. East Star Airlines went bankrupt, Aokai was grounded for a time, and Yinglian, Shenzhen Airlines, Northeast Airlines, etc. were incorporated into state-owned enterprises

coupled with the Civil Aviation Administration's ban on the establishment of new airline enterprises, the scene just rolled out suddenly turned back to "four parts of the world" (the three major airlines and HNA)

after the first wave of private aviation enterprises boom, the airlines that can finally survive have gradually come out of the recession

Aokai Airlines took off again after being acquired by Datian group, focusing on regional airlines. Now it has entered a period of stable development. Chunqiu and Jixiang have been approved to operate international routes and Beijing Shanghai Golden routes, and have now entered the IPO queue of the CSRC

Zhang Wu'an, spokesman of Spring Airlines, said that because it was during the IPO period, it was inconvenient to disclose the income of last year's convenient addition of corresponding devices to do various material mechanics experiments. However, we can tell that last year's income achieved "not a small and stable growth"

previously, Spring Airlines' net profit in 2010 was 470 million yuan, an increase of 2.4 times over 2009, and reached 480 million yuan in 2011. The net profit of Jixiang airlines in 2010 also exceeded 400million yuan

The State Council issued a document last year to promote the development of the civil aviation industry. This year, the gate was restarted, and two private enterprises, Yunnan Jingcheng group and Shandong Nanshan Group, took the lead in testing the water

last year, there was a gap in the approval gate of airlines that had been frozen for a long time. In July of that year, the State Council issued several opinions on promoting the development of the civil aviation industry, which gave hope to enterprises that have always been interested in entering the aviation industry

according to the opinions, by 2020, the annual total turnover of China's air transport scale will reach 170 billion ton kilometers, with an average annual growth of 12.2%. The number of flights per capita reached 0.5, and air services covered 89% of the country's population

according to the statistics of the Civil Aviation Administration, the passenger traffic volume of the whole industry in 2012 was about 320million. The target for 2020 is 700million people. In eight years, the number will more than double, which means that the market needs participants

in March this year, the Civil Aviation Administration issued the notice on adjusting the relevant policies of the business license management of public air transport enterprises, which made some adjustments to the relevant policies of the business license management of public air transport enterprises, and proposed that the basic role of the market in allocating resources will be more fully played in the future

according to media reports, in this year's adjustment, the previous content about "Airlines applying for the establishment of subsidiaries, whose fleet size should reach more than 50 and have 10 years of operation experience" did not appear in the new deal. At the same time, the Civil Aviation Administration also lifted the restrictions on the number of airline branches set up at airports with passenger traffic of more than 10million, and no longer required airlines to set up branches. The satisfaction of the company naturally increased profits

"it will be a trend for the Civil Aviation Administration to approve new airlines because of the increase in market demand for routes." Li Xiaojin said

Zhang Wuan also believes that achieving such a goal requires not only the expansion of existing airlines, but also the establishment of more new companies

after the gate was opened, the first to break through were two private enterprises that were not deeply involved in the aviation industry, Yunnan Jingcheng group and Shandong Nanshan Group

on May 6 this year, the Civil Aviation Administration announced that the application of Yunnan Jingcheng Group Co., Ltd. to prepare for the establishment of Ruili Aviation Co., Ltd. has been approved by the civil aviation southwest regional administration. The announcement marks the real opening of the approval gate

according to the announcement, Yunnan Jingcheng Group Co., Ltd. is registered in Ruili City, Yunnan Province, with a registered capital of about 1.08 billion yuan. It is mainly engaged in tourism development, hotel services, engineering construction, real estate development, mineral products processing and operation, etc

the registered capital applied by Ruili airlines to be established is 600million yuan, and Yunnan Jingcheng Group Co., Ltd. contributes 600million yuan in cash, accounting for 100% of the registered capital. The base airport is located in Kunming Changshui International Airport and plans to use B or 800 aircraft to engage in domestic air passenger and cargo transportation business

it is understood that although Jing Cheng is not deeply involved in aviation, his action of spending a lot of money on buying aircraft last year can be regarded as stepping into the civil aviation industry first. An insider of Jingcheng group told, "last year, the company has bought two business jets and two helicopters, mainly engaged in charter sightseeing tourism."

in an interview with the media last year, Dong Lecheng, chairman of Jingcheng Group Co., Ltd., also said that the group has planned to enter the aviation industry for five years. Due to the immature conditions in all aspects in the early stage, the project has not been implemented yet. After the establishment of future Jingcheng Airlines Co., Ltd., more than 10 domestic routes will be opened

the industry is optimistic about the prospects of private aviation

the profit performance of spring and autumn and auspicious is considered to be better than the three major airlines, and the industry is optimistic about the potential market of private aviation

in contrast, Nanshan Group has more mature conditions and more perfect industrial chain, almost only inferior to airlines. Nanshan Group is registered in Longkou City, Yantai City, Shandong Province, with a registered capital of about 1billion yuan. It is mainly engaged in hotels, hotels, energy, tourism, real estate development and other businesses

on May 17, the Civil Aviation Administration announced that Nanshan Group Co., Ltd., Qingdao Transportation Development Group Co., Ltd. and Shandong Airlines Co., Ltd. had applied for the preparation of Qingdao Airlines Co., Ltd. and obtained the preliminary approval of the East China regional administration of civil aviation

Qingdao Airlines Co., Ltd. to be established is jointly funded by the above three companies, with a registered capital of 1billion yuan and a cash contribution of 5% from Nanshan Group

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