Low speed electric vehicles have been the "national industry" experts call for the introduction of inclusive policies
after careful care and cultivation of the policy, China's new energy vehicle market has achieved rapid growth year after year and begun to take shape. But what is easy to be ignored is that in the vast fourth and fifth tier cities, towns and rural areas, low-speed electric vehicles are also expanding at a higher speed
the main market of traditional new energy vehicles is concentrated in the first and second tier cities, and it is inseparable from policy support. As a cheap, convenient, short-distance and miniature electric travel tool, low-speed electric vehicles have been unable to enjoy the benefits of subsidies for a long time because of the unclear policy identity of producing semi crystalline or amorphous flakes with a thickness of more than 500um and the right of way, but it does not prevent their popularity. The market ownership of more than 2million low-speed electric vehicles and their driving effect on the market economy qualify them to be called "national electric vehicles"
it is obvious that China's new energy vehicle policy deviates from the real development of the market, which has been publicly shouted by many experts and scholars in the industry. Yang Yusheng, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, pointed out: "some people ride high-end cars, and hundreds of millions of people are using bicycles and motorcycles that do not block the wind and rain. It is urgent to upgrade to improve living conditions and work efficiency.". Chen Qingtai, chairman of the China electric vehicle hundred people's Association, also said: "low-speed electric vehicles can better make the transition from fuel to electrification in rural areas."
it is undeniable that low-speed electric vehicles are already needed by people's livelihood. Therefore, the national policy on low-speed electric vehicles has also begun to "from blocking to dredging". Although up to now, no final new regulations have been implemented, and the "new national standard" of low-speed electric vehicles, which the industry has been looking forward to for a long time, will take time. However, at the gate where the new energy subsidy policy is declining and the "double point" system is about to be implemented, if low-speed electric vehicles, as an important part of electric vehicles, can receive policy support in the future, it will undoubtedly be conducive to the more balanced and sustainable development of the entire electric vehicle industry
at the 8th global new energy vehicle Conference (gnev8) held recently, Weixueqin, executive vice president of Shandong Automobile Industry Association, said: "The 19th CPC National Congress established the people-centered development idea. From now to 2020, with the process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, micro electric vehicles will be a rapidly growing industry, and market demand has created huge space for industrial development. The state should strengthen top-level design, promote the overall planning and coordination of various functional departments, improve and issue relevant standards, and promote the healthy development of micro electric vehicle industry."
trillion level "national industry"
despite various policy constraints, the vitality of low-speed electric vehicles is still very tenacious. Relevant statistics show that there are nearly 2million vehicles in the country, and the annual sales volume is times that of high-speed electric vehicles. In the first half of 2017, the national production and sales of new energy vehicles were 212000 and 195000 respectively; As of July, the production and sales of four-wheel low-speed electric vehicles in Shandong Province were 281000 and 283000 respectively. The sales volume of low-speed electric vehicles in Shandong province exceeds that of high-speed electric vehicles in China
in contrast, one has crossed the threshold of one million vehicles in five years under the stimulation of subsidies to sum up the successful experience in the past, while the other has achieved a higher transcendence by relying entirely on spontaneous growth. It is self-evident which product is more in line with market demand. The reason is that the low-speed electric vehicle has the characteristics of convenience, dexterity, convenient charging, short distance travel and economic benefits, which overcomes the disadvantages of high price, difficult charging and short endurance of high-speed electric vehicles, and greatly adapts to the travel needs of residents in fourth and fifth tier cities and vast rural areas. As Shu Xin, general manager of reading automobile, said, "the sustainability of the market can only be determined by the sustainability of purchase, which is driven by demand."
the rise of low-speed electric vehicle market is caused by the law of economic development driven by market demand. The new energy vehicle industry needs both tall Tesla and low-speed electric vehicles with grounding gas. They adapt to different markets respectively, corresponding to China's unbalanced regional economic development level. The low-speed electric vehicle industry is a large industry that can drive local employment and stimulate local economy. It is also an industry consensus that it is expected to become the next industry with a market size of more than trillion. It is not too much to call the low-speed electric vehicle industry a "national industry"
although there are still disputes on quality and safety, compared with electric two wheeled vehicles and motorcycles in the non war state of "mafangnanshan" for more than 30 years, low-speed electric vehicles are safer, more comfortable and more fashionable, while compared with traditional fuel vehicles, low-speed electric vehicles are more energy-saving, more environmental protection and lower use cost, and their market demand has always existed. Shu Xin believes that in the future, electric vehicles will not be distinguished by speed, but by short distance and long distance. In the short haul market, low-speed electric vehicles are undoubtedly the most suitable products
the low-speed electric vehicle industry has bid farewell to the inherent image of "elderly scooters" in the past and has a younger consumer group. The user data from reading automobile shows that the number of elderly people in the consumer group is declining, but the proportion of consumer groups aged 35 to 40 continues to increase, and the daily mileage of users at 30 kilometers accounts for about 80%
since the emergence of low-speed electric vehicles, they have continuously met the people's demand for short-distance travel. After several years of development and growth, they have played a major role in the entry of electric vehicles into ordinary people's homes, meeting the people's growing demand for a better life
in fact, the difference between low-speed electric vehicles and high-speed electric vehicles only lies in the production end, and there is no obvious difference in the consumption field. At present, it is normal for low-speed electric vehicles and small high-speed electric vehicles to be placed in the same store and the same store. In the eyes of consumers, there is no difference between them. They are both small electric vehicles. In the sales composition of high-speed electric vehicles nationwide, A00 electric vehicles, which are not significantly different from low-speed electric vehicles, occupy the mainstream, which also shows the convergence of the two
call for inclusive policies
the market position of low-speed electric vehicles determines that they have reasons to obtain reasonable and fair policy treatment. Many industry experts have long pointed out that the current national support policies for new energy vehicles deviate from the actual market situation, blindly favoring high-speed electric vehicles rather than treating low-speed electric vehicles equally
at present, this situation is in urgent need of change. Previously, the local governments of more than ten provinces and cities have tried to formulate the specification documents of low-speed electric vehicles, and made relevant specifications in terms of row, license plate, driver's license, driving range, mileage, speed per hour, warranty period, etc., allowing qualified low-speed electric vehicles to be licensed and put on the road. At the national level, the first national standard setting meeting for low-speed electric vehicles was held on November 18, 2016, and the outflow of the 2017 "technical conditions for four wheel low-speed electric vehicles (Draft)" all let people see the hope of "becoming a full-time worker" for low-speed electric vehicles
however, there is no final standard yet, mainly because there are still some policy disputes in the industry. In the view of Yang Yusheng and other experts, some specific standards in the new national standard deviate from market demand, too close to traditional cars and favor high endurance products, which can not achieve the purpose of encouraging and standardizing the development of hydraulic console with piano console, but has the risk of strangling the vibrant industry of low-speed electric vehicles
from the perspective of the overall policy direction, the momentum of promoting low-speed electric vehicles is still the mainstream. Previously, the Ministry of industry and information technology said in its reply to the recommendation No. 6432 of the fifth session of the National People's Congress that in accordance with the spirit of "upgrading, standardizing and eliminating a batch", low-speed electric vehicles will be included in the management of the announcement, which has become the leading idea for the regularization of low-speed electric vehicles
on the market side, Redding, Ritz, Yujie and other enterprises have a good momentum of development, and the concentration of big brands is obvious. "Twoorthree years ago, there were hundreds or even hundreds of low-speed electric vehicle enterprises in Shandong. Now, according to the statistics of Shandong Automobile Industry Association, there are only 20 enterprises left, and the output of low-speed electric vehicles of the top 5 enterprises accounts for about 75%. Therefore, this industry has shuffled its own cards without the help of the government, and the development of this industry will be better and better." Wei Xueqin said